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The Terrier Tattler
Hello friends & fans –
Fall is definitely here. I have very mixed emotions about Fall. It really stinks that the daylight time gets shorter and now it’s usually dark when my assistant gets home to devote her non-work time to me. The one good thing about fall is those darn yard pests (squirrels) are everywhere. They are going crazy running all over the yard and it drives Wes and I insane - we love the excitement! We got a new back door recently and we can sit and see right outside to our deck and yard. It’s so frustrating when those squirrels are violating our property and we’re locked inside and can’t protect it! We’ve come darn close to catching one a few times, but not yet. But they better watch out. I will take no prisoners and it’s the last time that squirrel will shake it’s little fluffy tail at me!
By the way, this month's Tattler is a few days late. I apologize, but with Halloween on Oct 31, we needed a few extra days to gather and judge the photos for this year’s Halloween costume contest. There are some really great ones this year! Wes and I aren’t allowed to enter (since it’s MY contest) but we did dress up for the holiday. I’m still angry with Tracy . I really wanted to be Darth Vader, but she let Wesley be that tough character. Guess who got to be Princess Leia and wear that stupid wig?! Ugghh, if only I had opposable thumbs!
My buddy Skippy got his UKC U-ACH (Agility CHAMPION!) Title in October at the UKC Trail Creek Trial. Skippy has really been running like the wind (and he makes a pretty cute bumble bee too!). Congrats to Skippy and his assistant, Shell!
What are YOU Thankful For?
Thanksgiving is a favorite holiday. It means a trip to Iowa and lots of running around on the farm - with lots of critters (including cats) to chase! And then there's the chance of a Thanksgiving Dinner leftover! But it's also important to think about what I'm thankful for..... Share your thoughts.... What are you Thankful for? Send them to me at Bianca@2westies.com and I'll publish them in next month's Tattler. Oh, and if any of you dress up like a pilgrim, I simply must have a photo of that!
Absolutely Fabulous Accomplishments - submit your Ab Fabs to email@example.com
It's Flu Season!
My vet is awesome (Dr. G’s been my doc ever since I was a little pup). He recently shared some interesting info with me
regarding a dog flu (sounds pretty yucky). Thought you might be interested too…
Control of Canine Influenza in Dogs —
Questions, Answers, and Interim Guidelines
October 17, 2005
The following document has been developed via consultation among the American Veterinary Medical Association,
the University of Florida, Cornell University, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and is
advisory in nature. It is intended to answer common questions and to provide guidance on managing affected dogs
and for persons working with or handling affected dogs. This document reflects what is known as of October 17,
2005, and may be updated as more information becomes available.
What is canine influenza?
Canine influenza is a highly contagious respiratory infection of dogs that is caused by a virus. The canine influenza
virus is closely related to the virus that causes equine influenza and it is thought that the equine influenza virus
mutated to produce the canine influenza virus.
Two clinical syndromes have been seen in dogs infected with the canine influenza virus—a mild form of the
disease and a more severe form that is accompanied by pneumonia.
About the mild form—Dogs suffering with the mild form of canine influenza develop a soft, moist cough that
persists for 10 to 30 days. Some dogs have a dry cough similar to the "kennel cough" caused by Bordetella
bronchiseptica/parainfluenza virus complex. For this reason, canine influenza virus infections are frequently
mistaken for "kennel cough." Dogs with the mild form of influenza may also have a thick nasal discharge, which is
usually caused by a secondary bacterial infection.
About the severe form—Dogs with the severe form of canine influenza develop high fevers (104ºF to 106ºF) and
have clinical signs of pneumonia, such as increased respiratory rates and effort. Pneumonia may be due to a
secondary bacterial infection. Because this is a newly emerging disease, almost all dogs, regardless of breed or
age, are susceptible to infection and have no immunity. Virtually all dogs that are exposed to the virus become
infected and nearly 80% show clinical signs of disease. Fortunately, most affected dogs have the mild form.
Do dogs die from canine influenza?
Fatal cases of pneumonia resulting from infection with canine influenza virus have been reported in dogs, but the
fatality rate (5% to 8%) has been low so far.
How widespread is the disease?
The first recognized outbreak of canine influenza in the world is believed to have occurred in racing greyhounds in
January 2004 at a track in Florida. From June to August of 2004, outbreaks of respiratory disease were reported at
14 tracks in 6 states (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Kansas, Texas, and West Virginia). Between January and May
of 2005, outbreaks occurred at 20 tracks in 11 states (Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Iowa, Kansas,
Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Texas, West Virginia, and Wisconsin). Infection has also been confirmed in pet
dogs in California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Massachusetts, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio,
Oregon, Pennsylvania, Washington State, and Washington, DC. These cases occurred in animal shelters,
humane societies, rescue groups, pet stores, boarding kennels, and veterinary clinics.
How is a dog with canine influenza treated?
As with any disease caused by a virus, treatment is largely supportive. Good animal care practices and nutrition
assist dogs in mounting an effective immune response. In the milder form of the disease, a thick green nasal
discharge, which most likely represents a secondary bacterial infection, usually resolves quickly after treatment
with a broad-spectrum bactericidal antimicrobial. In the more severe form of the disease, pneumonia is thought to
often be caused by bacterial superinfection, and responds best to hydration (sometimes via intravenous
administration of fluids) and a broad-spectrum bactericidal antimicrobial.
Is canine influenza virus transmissible from dogs to humans?
To date, there is no evidence of transmission of canine influenza virus from dogs to people.
Do I need to be concerned about putting my dog in day care or boarding it at a kennel?
Dog owners should be aware that any situation that brings dogs together increases the risk of spread of
communicable illnesses. Good infection control practices can reduce that risk, so dog owners involved in shows,
sports, or other activities with their dogs or who board their dogs at kennels should ask whether respiratory
disease has been a problem there, and whether the facility has a plan for isolating dogs that develop respiratory
disease and for notifying owners if their dogs have been exposed to dogs with respiratory disease.
As long as good infection control practices are in place, pet owners should not be overly concerned about putting
dogs in training facilities, dog parks, kennels, or other areas frequented by dogs.
My dog has a cough...what should I do?
Schedule an appointment with your veterinarian so that he or she can examine and evaluate your dog and
recommend an appropriate course of treatment. If canine influenza is suspected, treatment will usually focus on
maximizing the ability of your dog's immune system to combat the virus. A typical approach might include
administration of fluids if your dog is becoming dehydrated and prescribing an antimicrobial if a secondary
bacterial infection is suspected.
Canine influenza virus can be spread via direct contact with respiratory secretions from infected dogs, and by
contact with contaminated inanimate objects. Therefore, dog owners whose dogs are coughing or exhibiting other
signs of respiratory disease should not participate in activities or bring their dogs to facilities where other dogs
can be exposed to them. Clothing, equipment, surfaces, and hands should be cleaned and disinfected after
exposure to dogs showing signs of respiratory disease to prevent transmission of infection to susceptible dogs.
Clothing can be adequately cleaned by using a detergent at normal laundry temperatures.
I manage a kennel/veterinary clinic/animal shelter/dog day care center. How do I keep canine influenza out of my
facility, and if it does enter my facility, what should I do?
Viral disease is usually best prevented through vaccination. Unfortunately, at this time no vaccine is available to
protect dogs against canine influenza. Vaccination against other pathogens causing respiratory disease, however,
may help prevent more common respiratory pathogens from becoming secondary infections in a respiratory tract
already compromised by influenza infection. In addition, knowing that dogs are vaccinated against these
pathogens may help facility managers distinguish canine influenza from other respiratory diseases. For these
reasons, a veterinarian should determine which vaccinations are needed based on related risks and benefits and
should administer these at least 2 weeks prior to planned visits to dog activity and care facilities (e.g., kennels,
veterinary clinics, dog day care centers, training facilities, dog parks). Dogs admitted to shelters should be
vaccinated on admission.
Routine infection control precautions are key to preventing spread of viral disease within facilities. The canine
influenza virus appears to be easily killed by disinfectants (e.g., quaternary ammonium compounds and bleach
solutions at a 1 to 30 dilution) in common use in veterinary clinics, boarding facilities, and animal shelters.
Protocols should be established for thoroughly cleaning and disinfecting cages, bowls, and other surfaces
between uses. Employees should wash their hands with soap and water (or use an alcohol-based hand cleaner if
soap and water are unavailable) before and after handling each dog; after coming into contact with a dog's saliva,
urine, feces, or blood; after cleaning cages; and upon arriving at and before leaving the facility (see "I work in a
kennel/animal care facility. What should I do to prevent transmission of influenza virus from infected dogs to
Animal care facility staff should be alerted to the possibility that a
dog with a respiratory infection could be presented for care or boarding. If a dog with respiratory signs is
presented, staff members should inquire whether the dog has recently been boarded or adopted from a shelter,
has recently participated in dog-related group activities, or whether it has been exposed to other dogs known to
have canine influenza or kennel cough. The dog should be brought directly into a separate examination/triage area
that is reserved for dogs with respiratory signs and should not be allowed to enter the waiting room or other areas
where susceptible dogs may be present.
Dogs with suspected canine influenza virus infection that is discovered after entry into the facility should be
evaluated and treated by a veterinarian. Isolation protocols should be rigorously applied for dogs showing signs of
respiratory disease, including the wearing of disposable gloves by persons handling infected dogs or cleaning
contaminated cages. Respiratory disease beyond what is considered typical for a particular facility should be
investigated, and the investigation should include submission of appropriate diagnostic samples (see "What
diagnostic tests will tell me whether a dog has canine influenza?").
What diagnostic tests will tell me whether a dog has canine influenza?
What samples do I send? Where do I send the samples? How do I distinguish between canine influenza and
There is no rapid test for diagnosis of acute canine influenza virus infection. Diagnosis may be confirmed through
serologic testing. Antibodies to canine influenza virus may be detected as early as seven days after onset of
clinical signs. Convalescent-phase samples should be collected at least two weeks after collection of the acute-
phase sample. If an acute-phase sample is not available, testing a convalescent-phase sample can reveal whether
a dog has been infected at some point in the past.
Other diagnostic options applicable to dogs that have died from pneumonia are viral culture and polymerase chain
reaction (PCR) analysis, using fresh (not formalin-preserved or frozen) lung and tracheal tissues. Virus detection
in respiratory secretion specimens from acutely ill animals using these methods is possible but generally
unrewarding. The Cornell Animal Health Diagnostic Center is currently accepting samples for analysis. For
detailed information on sample submission, visit www.diaglab.vet.cornell.edu/issues/civ.asp.
I work in a kennel/animal care facility. What should I do to prevent transmission of influenza virus from infected
dogs to susceptible dogs?
Canine influenza is not known to be transmissible from dogs to people. However, caretakers can inadvertently
transmit canine influenza virus from infected dogs to susceptible dogs by not following good hygiene and infection
control practices. To prevent spread of canine influenza virus, caretakers should take the following precautions:
Wash hands with soap and water (if soap and water are unavailable, use an alcohol-based hand cleaner:
· Before and after handling each animal
· After coming into contact with animal saliva, urine, feces or blood
· After cleaning cages
· Before eating meals, taking breaks, smoking or leaving the facility
· Before and after using the restroom
Wear a barrier gown over your clothes and wear gloves when handling
sick animals or cleaning cages. Discard gown and gloves before working
with other animals
Consider use of goggles or face protection if splashes from
contaminated surfaces may occur
Bring a change of clothes to wear home at the end of the day
Thoroughly clean clothes worn at the animal facility
Do not allow animals to "kiss" you or lick your face
Do not eat in the animal care area
Separate newly arriving animals from animals that have been housed one
week or longer.
Routinely monitor animals for signs of illness. Separate sick animals
from healthy animals, especially animals with signs of respiratory
There is no evidence of transmission of canine influenza virus from
dogs to people. However, because of concerns about diseases that are
transmissible from dogs to people, in general, it may be prudent for young children, the elderly, pregnant women,
and immunocompromised persons to limit or avoid contact with animals that are ill.
Is canine influenza transmissible to from dogs to horses or other animal species?
At this time, there is no evidence of transmission of canine influenza from dogs to horses, cats, ferrets, or other
animal species. However, the infection control measures outlined in the section titled "I work in a kennel/animal
care facility. What should I do to prevent transmission of influenza virus from infected dogs to susceptible dogs?"
are recommended to prevent spread of the virus.
For additional information and updates, please visit these websites:
American Veterinary Medical Association - www.avma.org
University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine -
Cornell University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory -
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - www.cdc.gov/healthypets
Association of Shelter Veterinarians - www.sheltervet.org
The Tattler's 2nd Annual Halloween Costume Contest!
Once again I received some really great photos from my friends of their incredible Halloween get-ups. This year the competition was fierce. The judging panel consists of family: my brother Wes, by cousin Maddie, my ‘sister’ Mary, and my ‘grandparents’ Harry and Dorie. The problem this year is that the votes were all over the board – everyone was preferring different dogs (usually the same 2 or 3 are picked by everyone, but not this year!). Big huge thanks to everyone that entered. Due to the fierce competition, all brave souls that entered will receive a special 2Westies slip lead (my assistant hand braids them from fleece & cord). And, the first place winner also receives a 'Gone To The Dogs' Agility T-shirt too!!!
I love getting pictures from you guys anytime for any occasion. Please don't be shy - it's also what The Tattler readers love too - so don't be shy. Share your happy, celebratory, or embassing moments with me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
First Place– Grapes!
My newest buddy Jack, the flat coat retriever dressed as a bunch of grapes was the #1 winner. My goodness he’s really cute and I would have love to have been there (those grapes look a lot like balls and I think it would have been fun to try to chase them!).
He's also the Best Costume That's Based on a Pun! Here he is as 'Afgan Hound'
And of course, Breeze is always a hit on the costume circuit - this year as the scary DOGZILLA!
Collie Clyde is the happiest cowboy I've ever seen!! I think he knows how cute he is!
Terriers are so cute -even when they're all dressed up as something else!
Here we have Cairn Terrier Skippy as a bumble bee! And Westie Abby as a Witch, complete with witches' brew!
'Cisco' and 'Poncho' (aka Cayman and Dandee) look like they are ready to run south of the border and get away from these hats!
"Give me an L-A-B". The Ricelli labs love dress up! Indy's a great
I think Willie loves being a Scottie more than a Cheerleader, Shadow's just pretending to be a Bonehead (I know
Dalmation, but he's really cute as either breed! he really isn't a bonehead!) and Miss DB is a ready-for-fun Clown!
Fairy Princess Molly is ready to make your Rocky doesn't love being cold, but it's fun
wishes come true! pretending to be a Snowman!
Huge THANK YOU again to all the contestants! As you saw, they came up with some great costumes again this year and I appreciate being able to share them with all of you!